According to a survey, about 80% of people experience back pain due to some reason. Lifestyle and posture are the major culprits behind the increasing incidence of back pain among common population. In end of this article, we will go through how Orthocure can help in lower back pain treatment in Gurgaon.
The root source of lower back pain can be either mechanical or soft tissue injury with varied repercussions like muscular imbalance, disc herniation, postural misalignment, hypo-mobility of joints or nerve root compression.
It is not a disease but our lifestyle plays a vital role in it. Back ache is one of the consequences of our lifestyle. It can happen to anybody at any age irrespective of the size and gender of an individual. It can be due to prolonged sitting in a wrong posture, sleeping in an uncomfortable position, lifting heavy weights, overuse of certain muscles, lack of physical activity and in-equivalent distribution of weight while standing. The reasons can be uncountable.
Lifestyle is one of the primary reasons for back ache. For instance, individuals working for IT establishments have to maintain awkward static postures for prolonged duration repetitively. Their wrong postures and prolonged sitting will inevitably result in back pain.
Similarly, house-makers who over stress their muscles most of the times while performing household chores predispose themselves to this condition.
Further, elderly people have increased chances of back pain due to degenerative disorders and decreasing strength.
The entire back, starting from the base of the head till the tail bone is one unit and pain can affect any specific component of the mammoth unit due to infinite reasons.
Structure of Back Pain
The human back has a complex structure of muscles, ligaments, tendons, bones, and disks. All these parts work together to enable the human body to work and support the body posture.
The spine is made up of vertebrae and in between the vertebrae there is a gel like substance called the “disc “which acts like a cushion and shock absorber against forces on our spine. Any damage to the disc can lead to backache.We should always take care of a few things like correct body posture, proportionate weight bearing on both feet, avoid over straining muscles etc.
What are the Symptoms of Back Pain?
- Discomfort in the back leading to pain that can further radiate to the legs and feet
- Uncomfortable to sit or stand-up straight properly.
- Numbness or tingling in legs.
- Pain may increase due to prolonged sitting.
- Tenderness over certain points
- Pain while taking sides, stiffness while getting up from bed in the morning
- Increase in pain on bending, walking, prolonged standing or lifting
- Difficulty in carrying out activities of daily living
- Loss of sensation and urinary incontinence in severe cases
You should consult the doctor when the above symptoms become chronic.
Initially, people prefer to use pain relief sprays, pain killer medications or hot oil massages but this might or might not help to alleviate the root cause of pain.
What are the Causes behind Back Pain?
Back pain may be caused due to several reasons like structural, mechanical or soft tissue problems. Let’s know about these causes one by one:
Discs are the shock absorber gel like cushions between each vertebra and generally, disc injury can be the major reason for back pain.
If there is damage or loss in the cartilage of joints in the lower back may lead to back pain.
If you are suffering from pain in the leg or numbing or tingling, this can be due to the pressing of a nerve by a bulging disc which is known as Sciatica.
Thinning of bones or loss of bone density makes bones very weak and brittle leading to severe back pain
Slipped or ruptured disc
It can compress any nerve from its root while it exits from the spinal cord leading to pain in the course of the nerve
When spine curves to a side in an unusual way it may result to back pain.
Poor posture & Activities
Back pain can also trigger from everyday activities and poor postures like
- Bending awkwardly
- Inappropriate sleeping mattresses that harm our spine
- Carrying or lifting heavyweights
- Overstretching and muscles strain
- Sitting in a wrong posture for long duration
Twisting at a certain angle along with bending forward or backward
Acidity or stomach ache can also mimic pain in the upper back. Similarly, presence of kidney stones or any renal infection refers to the lower back pain
Tuberculosis of the Spine
Medically known as Pott’s disease also symptomizes as localized back pain, muscular spasm along with tenderness.
Cauda Equina Syndrome
This condition refers to the damage caused to the bundle of nerves at the end of spinal cord. This produces low back pain which radiates to the legs and can even cause bladder and bowel incontinence.
What Factors Trigger Back Pain
The sedentary lifestyle always has its side effects on our health. Poor physical fitness and medical conditions can develop back pain. Other factors are
- Old age
- Physical Inactivity
- Various diseases like arthritis etc.
- Improper way of lifting weights
In the case of women, pregnancy may be a factor. Stress, anxiety, mood swings due to hormonal changes may cause backache.
People should always consult or take medical care if the condition gets chronic before any serious illness.
Diagnosis of Back Pain
After asking the symptoms and physical examinations diagnose the cause of back pain. Other methods to detect the actual cause behind the symptoms are
Detects any misalignment of the bones, presence of degenerative changes, broken bones
If the issue is related to muscles, torn ligaments or tendons, nerve compression, disc bulge; MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging) helps to detect the actual cause.
This is often used to check the electrical activity of the muscles in cases of neuro-muscular abnormalities.
How different Medical Experts Diagnose and Cure Back Pain
Target the whole body as one unit by focusing on bones, muscles, fascia, joints and spine holistically.
By doing physical examinations and manual tests a physiotherapist will diagnose the root cause behind the pain. A physiotherapist might choose various modes of treatment depending upon the condition of the patient ranging from conventional physiotherapy techniques like Ultrasound therapy, TENS, IFT to advanced maneuvers like dry needling, myocardial release etc.
Usually treat the mechanical disorders in the musculus skeletal system by manual mobilization techniques and making adjustments.
You must take a proper X Ray before you visit a chiropractor in Gurgaon.
Other Treatment Methods
- Generally, back pain at initial stages can be relieved by using pain relief gels, ointments, and Anti-inflammatory drugs like NSAIDs.
- Subsequently, when pain becomes severe then Cortisone injections can be used to reduce/relieve back pain.
- Acupuncture which is a natural process to reduce pain in the body. By pressing pressure points on the body pain can be reduced.
- We all know the benefits of Yoga. Many Yoga poses/exercises like Spinal twist,child pose, etc help to reduce pain and strengthen muscles. Yoga is very beneficial for a healthy body and mind. We should include “yoga” in our daily life.
- In some rare cases, surgery is required. In that case, the patient should consult a surgeon.
But as back pain mostly mechanical in origin, a combination of treatment offered by a physiotherapist and chiropractor produces best results.
Important Points to Remember
(a) Make habit of doing yoga and exercise daily to keep your body fit and fine.
(b) Take a healthy and nutritious diet.
(c) Keep your body posture correct especially while you are sitting or sleeping.
(d) Take care of your spine.
(e) Body weight is another factor for back pain so try to maintain your weight.