Pregnancy is a unique as well as a beautiful period in the life of every woman. The significance of the lifestyle of a pregnant woman can’t be ignored. Regular physical activity is one of the elements that help to maintain normal mental and physical well-being. Pregnant women who regularly do physical activity have a lower chance of developing obesity and overweight. The changes occur in the external appearance of pregnant women reduce their self-esteem. Low self-esteem is a risk factor for both mood disorders during pregnancy and postpartum.,
Physical activity as a part of a healthy lifestyle plays an important role in maintaining the proper psychophysical state of a pregnant woman.
Mood changes during pregnancy can be caused by:
- Physical stresses, fatigue, changes in your metabolism, or by the hormones estrogen and progesterone.
- Significant changes in your hormone levels can affect your level of neurotransmitters, such as serotonin, norepinephrine, or dopamine, which are brain chemicals that regulate mood.
- Mood swings are mostly experienced during the first trimester between 6 to 10 weeks and then again in the third trimester as your body prepares for birth.
Effects Of Physical Activity:
1.Exercises cause an increase in human body temperature. At the same time, the temperature of the brain enhances, which results in a feeling of general relaxation and tranquility.
2.After exercise, there is an increase in the level of b-endorphins, which are also responsible for a more positive frame of mind.
3.Physically and mentally active women (before and/or during pregnancy) have a lower risk of developing mood disorder compared to non-active women.
4.In addition, exercises have an impact on reducing both the level of anxiety and stress, as well as prevents cardiovascular disorders, improve the functioning of the musculoskeletal system, increase appetite, improve the quality of sleep, and oxygenate the body better the overall quality of life.
5.Physical exercises have an impact on maintaining proper muscular tone, reduce pain and prepare for the exertion during labor.
6.Helps to find balance physically and mentally.
7.Strengthens the body for childbirth